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Spring Vegetable Planting Guide
For Home Gardeners


Photo of Vegetable Garden Planting Guide The vegetable garden planting guide
that keeps planting on track.

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Vegetable Planting Guide

Working out when to plant seeds and seedlings can be one of the most difficult tasks when planning the home vegetable garden. Timing is very important and is one of the main factors that will impact on the final outcome. Even the biggest and strongest seedling will succumb to the elements if planted at the wrong time.

With the help of the cool season vegetables and the warm season vegetables lists it should become a little clearer on the order and right season seeds and seedling can be planted in the garden.

Once it is understood that there is a right and wrong time to plant certain vegetables then the rest will fall into place easily and growing better vegetables becomes a breeze.

A valuable piece of information for gardeners to know is the date of the last frost in the spring and the first killing frost in the fall. To find these dates for your area follow this link

So, when is the right time to plant vegetables? Check out the table below.


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Planting Order Guide

The vegetable planting guide sets out in planting order the 4 groups allowing you to see at a glance what and when to plant in the garden.

For a printer friendly pdf version of this vegetable planting guide to help you find the best sowing and transplanting dates. Follow the link


1st Group To Plant - Frost Hardy Cool Season Vegetables.

Soil temperature need to be 40 F (4 C) or above and rising. As a rough guide you can plan to plant these vegetables as soon as 2-4 weeks before the average date of the last 32 F (0 C) freeze in the spring in your area but use soil temperature as your actual planting time.

Frost DatePlanting Date

Planting Order Guide - Cool Season Hardy
Vegetable Best Method Vegetable Best Method
Brussel SproutsSeedling Onions Sets
CabbageSeedlingParsnipsDirect sow
CollardSeedlingPeas Direct sow
GarlicClovesRadicchio Seedling
HorseradishRoot cuttingsRadish Direct sow
KaleSeedling Rutabaga Direct sow
Kohlrabi SeedlingSpinachDirect sow
LeekSeedling Swiss Chard Seedling
Mustard GreensDirect sow TurnipsDirect sow

2nd Group To Plant - Semi-Frost Hardy Cool Season Vegetables.

Soil temperature need to be 50 F (10 C) or above and rising. As a rough guide you can plan to plant these vegetables as early as 1-2 weeks before the average date of the last 32 F (0 C) freeze in the spring in your area but use soil temperature as your actual planting time.

Frost DatePlanting Date

Planting Order Guide - Cool Season Semi Hardy
Vegetable Best Method Vegetable Best Method
ArugulaDirect sowCeleriacSeedling
AsparagusCrowns CelerySeedling
BeetsDirect sowEndive Direct sow
BroccoliSeedlingJerusalem ArtichokeTubers
Cabbage ChineseSeed and SeedlingLettuce Seedling
CarrotsDirect sowPotatoes Tuber
CauliflowerSeedling

3rd Group To Plant - Frost Tender Warm Season Vegetables.

Soil temperature need to be 60 F (16 C) or above and rising. As a rough guide don’t plan to plant these vegetables until at least 1-2 weeks after the last average 32 F (0 C) freeze in your area but use soil temperature as your actual planting time.

Frost DatePlanting Date

Planting Order Guide - Warm Season Tender
Vegetable Best Method Vegetable Best Method
Beans Direct sow Spinach NZSeedling
Okra Direct sow Squash Winter Direct sow
Peppers SeedlingSweet Corn Direct sow
Pumpkin Direct sowTomatoes Seedling
Southern PeaDirect sow

4th Group To Plant - Very Frost Tender Warm Season Vegetables.

Soil temperature need to be 70 F (21 C) or above and rising. As a rough guide don’t plan to plant these vegetables until at least 2-3 weeks after the last average 32 F (0 C) freeze in your area but use soil temperature as your actual planting time.

Frost DatePlanting Date

Planting Order Guide - Warm Season Very Tender
Vegetable Best Method Vegetable Best Method
Cucumber Direct sowSquash SummerDirect sow
Eggplant Seedling Sweet PotatoSlips
Melons Direct sow

For a printer friendly pdf version of this vegetable planting guide to help you find the best sowing and transplanting dates. Follow the link


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More Information










Vegetable Garden Planting Guide

Plant Type

Cool-hardy or semi hardy and warm season-tender or very tender vegetables, identifying in which group they belong.

C-H Cool Season - Frost Hardy

C-SH Cool Season - Semi Frost Hardy

W-T Warm Season - Frost Tender

W-VT Warm Season - Very Frost Tender

Vegetable Planting Guide

Planting Method

Is the methods by which these vegetable can be planted outdoors

Vegetable Planting Guide

Best Method

Most common or easiest method might be better headings, it is the method that is generally used by most home gardeners.

Vegetable Planting Guide

Planting Time

Is the number of weeks before or after the last average spring frost a particular group of vegetables can be planted.

This is a guide only to allow you to be prepared, the weather is always unpredictable, especially in the spring and gardeners need to be very flexible when it comes to planting time.

To find the last average frost free date (FFD) for your area follow this link.

Vegetable Planting Guide

Minimum Soil Temperature

Is the minimum soil temperatures for planting a particular group of vegetables and is the real time to plant and sow seeds and seedlings outdoors.










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