All sweet and hot pepper varieties are warm season vegetables that grow best in a position that receives maximum sunlight. They cannot tolerate frost and do not grow well in cold, wet soil.
Transplanting seedlings is the best and for most areas the only option for planting peppers in the home garden. Most early failures in growing peppers is from planting out to early. Seedling should not be set out until the soil temperature is consistently above 70F (21 C).
There are so many varieties of peppers on the market today that growing them is the easy part; its choosing which peppers to grow that presents the challenge.
With such a seemingly endless number of different varieties available your veggie garden can become an amazing rainbow of color with the many shades of green, yellow, red, orange and purple.
Peppers can be roughly categorized into two types, sweet peppers or hot peppers and these are based on their flavor rather than their size, shape or color.
Or salad peppers, include bell and pimento as well as some banana and cherry varieties.
Habanero, Jalapeno, Anaheim, Serrano, Cayenne, Tabasco, Thai and Hungarian peppers to name a few.
The Scoville Heat Index is used to rank how hot a pepper is by measuring the amount of capsaicin present. The index starts at zero for the mildest and goes to over 1,000,000 to indicate the hottest peppers.
|Veggie Garden Dairy|
|Also Known As||Bell pepper, Capsicum, Green peppers, Sweet peppers|
|Botanical||Family - Solanaceae, Genus - Capsicum|
|Plant Type||Warm season - annual - fruiting vegetable.|
|Planting Position||Grow in full sun - Requires at least 8-10 hours of direct sunlight daily|
|Seed Viability||2 years|
|Germination||14-21 days at 60-90 F (16-32 C)|
|Growing Temp||70-95 F (21-35 C)|
|Seed to Transplant||6 - 8 weeks|
|Planting Method||Seedling transplants|
|When to Plant||Spring|
|Time to Plant||Wait until at least 1-2 weeks after the last average 32 F (0 C) freeze in your area but not before soil temperature are consistently 60 F (16 C) or above.|
|Seed Sowing||Sow seeds indoors only|
|Plant Spacing||Transplant pepper seedlings 18-24 inches (45-60 cm) apart in rows 30-36 inches (75-90 cm) apart.|
|Soil Conditions||Well drained - High organic matter - Rich fertility|
|Fertilizer||High fertilizer needs, 5-6 quarts per 100 sq feet (5.5-6.6 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of All-Purpose 5-5-5 Organic Fertilizer , same rate for each side dressing.|
|When to Fertilize||2 weeks before planting - use liquid starter fertilizer at time of transplanting - side-dress when the first fruit are set - repeat every 2-3 weeks until the last fruit set.|
|Days to Harvest||80-120 days - depending on conditions and variety.|