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Growing Mustard Greens That
Keep On Keeping On


Photo of growing mustard greens Mustard green ready for early picking

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Growing Mustard Greens

Mustard greens are a very easy to grow and quick to mature vegetable green that can be used in salads when the leaves are young and tender or cooked as they mature. It is this same plant who’s seed, when dryed and ground, produces the mustard we all know and love.

There are several varieties avalible for the home garden with the main difference between them being the color of their frilly leaves which can vary from light to deep green and red. Raw mustard greens have a peppery tang similar to radish roots.


Quick Reference Guide


Veggie Garden Dairy
Vegetable Mustard Greens
Also Known As
Botanical Family - Brassicaceae, Genus - Brassica, Species - B. juncea
Plant Type Cool season - annual - leafy vegetable
Frost Tolerance Hardy
Planting Position Sunny position but welcomes shade in the hottest part of the season - requiring a minimum of 3-4 hours of direct sunlight daily.
Seed Viability 4 years
Germination 5-8 days at 40-80 F (4-27 C)
Growing Temp 50-70 F (10-21 C)
Seed to Transplant Direct sow for best results
Planting Method Direct sow
When to Plant Spring and again in mid-summer for fall-winter harvest
Time to Plant As soon as 2 - 4 weeks before the average date of the last 32 F (0 C) freeze in the spring in your area but not before soil temperatures are consistently 40 F (4 C) and above.
Seed Sowing Direct sowing mustard seed (best method) - 1/2 inch (12 mm) deep - 1 inches (25 mm) apart in rows 24-30 inches (60-75 cm) apart
Plant Spacing Transplant or thin seedlings 4-6 inches (10-15 cm) apart in rows 24-30 inches (60-75 cm) apart
Soil Conditions Well drained - High organic matter - Low to medium fertility
Fertilizer Low fertilizer needs, 2-3 quarts per 100 sq feet (2.2-3.3 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of all purpose organic fertilizer 5-5-5, same rate for each side dressing.
When to Fertilize 2 weeks before planting
Days to Harvest 35-65 days - depending on conditions and variety.
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