All melons, except for watermelon, are in the same cucurbit family, Cucurbitaceae - Cucumis melo. Watermelon are in a different genus, citrullus. They are a warm-season, vine plant that grow best in warm areas with a long growing season
There are many different types of melons available around the world but here in North America the most popular melons are the cantaloupe, muskmelon and honeydew.
To grow really sweet melons supply the crop with high organic soil with plenty of nutrients. Cow or steer manures is one of the best fertilizers you can use for melon crops. Alone with rich soil a good water supply is essential.
The vine peach cantaloupe is also commonly known as mango melon or glass melon. These small, peach-sized melons have a low sugar content and a bland flavor, grown to be pickled or preserved, not eaten raw. Vine Peaches make excellent preserves and pies, they have the flavor and texture much like a mango. I guess next time I buy seed Ill pay attention to the little details like, "low sugar and bland". But they look so delicious.
cantaloupes often called muskmelons because of their musky, sweet taste. Probably the best know and most grown of the melons. Typically with orange flesh and a cork like "net" on the skin.
Minnesota Midget Melons are great for small gardens. These "extra sweet" (got it right this time) melons that grow to about the size of a softball grow on 3-4 foot vines and produce 5-8 melons per plant. They are perfect for growing in containers.
|Veggie Garden Dairy|
|Also Known As|
|Botanical||Cucurbitaceae - Cucumis melo|
|Plant Type||Warm season - annual - fruiting vegetable|
|Frost Tolerance||Very Tender|
|Planting Position||Grow in full sun - Requires at least 8-10 hours of direct sunlight daily.|
|Seed Viability||5 years|
|Germination||7-10 days at 70-95 F (21-35 C)|
|Growing Temp||70-95 F (21-35 C)|
|Seed to Transplant||3 - 4 weeks|
|Planting Method||Direct sow or Seedling transplants|
|When to Plant||Spring|
|Time to Plant||Wait until at least 2-3 weeks after the last average 32 F (0 C) freeze in your area and not before soil temperature are consistently 70 F (21 C) or above.|
|Soil Conditions||Well drained - High organic matter - Rich fertility|
|Fertilizer||High fertilizer needs, 5-6 quarts per 100 sq feet (5.5-6.6 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of All-Purpose 5-5-5 Organic Fertilizer , same rate for each side dressing.|
|When to Fertilize||2 weeks before sowing or transplanting - when transplanting use liquid starter fertilizer - side-dress just as the vines start to run - finally as fruit begin to set.|
|Days to Harvest||70-130 days - depending on conditions and variety|