Celery is a biennial plant that is a member of the carrot family. The collection of green stalks that make up the celery plant grows 10 inches (25 cm) or more tall and requires a long growing season, typically 5 months.
Older varieties of celery needed to be blanch as they grew making growing celery a little more challenging than other vegetables. These older varieties tended to be sweeter and more tender than the newer self blanching types. Of cause everything is a trade off, in this case sweet and tender is traded for ease of growing.
Celery seedlings are sensitive to temperatures, they will not grow well in cold climates or hot dry, drought prone areas. They thrives in mild or cool weather and are tolerant to shade and wet weather.
Spring plantings in warmer climates are best planted where they receive around 6 hours direct sunlight a day, or at least where they are shaded during the hottest part of the day. In these warmer climate areas seedlings can be transplanted in mid-summer so they can mature in the cooler fall temperatures.Celery was once considered to be one of the most challenging vegetables to grow in the home garden. However most of the difficulties are derived from not supply its basic needs. Give celery plants a fertile, organic rich soil with plenty of water and you will have little trouble growing a successful crop.
|Veggie Garden Dairy|
|Also Known As|
|Botanical||Family - Apiaceae, Genus - Apium, Species - A. graveolens|
|Plant Type||Cool season - biennial - stem vegetable|
|Planting Position||Sunny - Will tolerate some shade - requires a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily.|
|Seed Viability||3 years|
|Germination||14-21 days at 60-90 F (16-32 C)|
|Growing Temp||70-95 F (21-35 C)|
|Seed to Transplant||8-10 weeks|
|Planting Method||Seedling transplants|
|When to Plant||Spring|
|Time to Plant||Wait until at least 1-2 weeks after the last average 32 F (0 C) freeze in your area but not before soil temperature are consistently 60 F (16 C) or above.|
|Seed Sowing||Due to seed size (tiny) and temperature requirements it is best to sow celery seeds indoors|
|Plant Spacing||Transplant seedlings 6-10 inches (15-25 cm) apart in rows 2 -3 feet (60-90 cm) apart.|
|Soil Conditions||Consistently moist soil- High organic matter - Rich fertility|
|Fertilizer||High fertilizer needs, 5-6 quarts per 100 sq feet (5.5-6.6 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of All-Purpose 5-5-5 Organic Fertilizer , same rate for each side dressing|
|When to Fertilize||2 weeks before planting - at time of transplanting|
|Days to Harvest||120-140 days - depending on conditions and variety|