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Growing Carrots is Easy
Even Without a Garden

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Growing Carrots With Attitude And Crunch

Growing Carrots

The carrot is a hardy, cool-season biennial which is cultivated domestically for the root. When carrots are left in the ground until their second year, they will flower and go to seed. The flowering stems, depending on variety, can grow up to 3 ft (1 meter) tall, with an umbel of white flowers.

Carrot sizes range from baby carrot varieties, not just big carrots harvested early, that are fully mature at 4 inches (10 cm) long, the heavy weights growing to 9-10 inches (22-25 cm) long and with many varieties somewhere in-between.

Photo of growing purple carrots

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Where orange used to be the norm for home grown carrots and anything else was considered a novelty, seed is readily available for a range of colors. From purple, white, red, and all shades of yellow to deep orange.

Photo of growing purple carrots

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You would be amazed how many carrots can be grown in a container or half drum like this one.

Quick Reference Guide

Veggie Garden Dairy
Vegetable Carrots
Also Known As
Botanical Family - Apiaceae, Genus - Daucus, Species - D. carota
Plant Type Cool season - biennial - root vegetable
Frost Tolerance Semi Hardy
Planting Position Sunny position - Will do alright in partial shade, but you'll have to wait longer for a full crop. They require a minimum of 4-6 hours of direct sunlight daily.
Seed Viability 3 years
Germination 10-21 days at 50-80 F (10-27 C)
Growing Temp 55-75 F (13-24 C)
Seed to Transplant Direct sow only
Planting Method Direct sow
When to Plant Spring and again in mid-summer for fall-winter harvest
Time to Plant As early as 1 - 2 weeks before the average date of the last 32 F (0 C) freeze in the spring in your area but not before soil temperatures are consistently above 50 F (10C)
Seed Sowing Direct sowing carrot seeds 1/2 inch (12 mm) deep - 1 inch (25 mm) apart in rows 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) apart
Plant Spacing Direct sow seeds only - use thinnings as baby carrots to arrive at final spacing of 3-4 inches (7-10 cm) apart in rows 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) apart
Soil Conditions Well drained - Low to moderate organic matter - Low to medium fertility
Fertilizer Low fertilizer needs, 2-3 quarts per 100 sq feet (2.2-3.3 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of All-Purpose 5-5-5 Organic Fertilizer icon, same rate for each side dressing.
When to Fertilize In the fall before spring planting or at least 2 weeks before sowing.
Days to Harvest 50-80 days - depending on conditions and variety.

related pages

Home Page - Site Map - Top of Growing Carrots Page - Alphabetical List of Vegetables