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Growing Beets Guide


Photo of growing beets guide Quick reference guide for growing beets

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Quick Reference Guide

The growing beets quick reference guide below is designed as a quick overview of growing beets. For more details on the different stages from seed to harvest go to the related pages link.

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Quick Reference Guide


Veggie Garden Dairy
Vegetable Beets
Also Known As Beetroot, Garden Beets
Botanical Family - Chenopodiaceae, Genus - Beta, Species - B. vulgaris
Plant Type Cool season - biennial - root vegetable
Frost Tolerance Semi Hardy
Planting Position Sunny position but welcomes shade in the hottest part of the season - requiring a minimum of 3-4 hours of direct sunlight daily.
Seed Viability 4 years
Germination 5-10 days at 50-80 F (10-27 C)
Growing Temp 55-75 F (13-24 C)
Seed to Transplant Direct sow only
Planting Method Direct sow
When to Plant Spring and again in mid-summer for fall-winter harvest
Time to Plant As early as 1 - 2 weeks before the average date of the last 32 F (0 C) freeze in the spring in your area but not before soil temperatures are consistently above 50 F (10C)
Seed Sowing Direct sowing beet seeds - 1/2 inch (12 mm) deep -1 inches (25 mm) apart in rows 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) apart.
Plant Spacing Direct sow seeds only - thin to 3-4 inches (7-10 cm) apart in rows 12-18 inches (30-45 cm) apart.
Soil Conditions Well drained - Low to moderate organic matter - Low to medium fertility.
Fertilizer Low fertilizer needs 2-3 quarts per 100 sq feet (2.2-3.3 liters per 9.3 square meters) preplanting of All-Purpose 5-5-5 Organic Fertilizer , same rate for each side dressing
When to Fertilize 2 weeks before sowing
Days to Harvest 50-80 days - depending on conditions and variety
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